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The research centre of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), as part of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (EMN), has recently introduced a new study called “Unauthorised residence in Germany: Perspectives, measures and challenges,” revealing the number of people who live in this country without a valid residence permit, among others.
In this regard, the head of the BAMF research centre, Axel Kreienbrink, said that “this German contribution to the European comparative study of the EMN gives a differentiated insight into the status quo against the background of current developments,” SchengenVisaInfo.com reports.
The same revealed that as of December 31, 2020, about 236,000 people in Germany had a Duldung, which is a temporary residence document that permits internationals to stay in Germany for a limited period.
“More than half of these people have been living there for more than three years in Germany. Continue to hold up in Germany without permission and without contact with the authorities, but their number is not reliable and can be determined,” the study revealed by EMN reads.
Following the increase in the number of applications filed for asylum in the summer of 2015 and the surge in the number of people with a Duldung has brought into light the discussion about the unauthorised stay and the return of persons with rejected asylum applications.
According to the survey in 2015, there were a total of 36,511 missing documents, while the number marked an increase in 2016 to 39,970, which continued in 2017 (65,170), 2018 (74,450), 2019 (83,725) and 2020 (86,646).
Regarding the number of persons staying in Germany for other reasons, the figures provided by the EMN show that in 2015 the number stood at 93,540, marking a slight decrease in 2016 to 90,570 compared to 2017 (71,205). At the same time, in 2018, the total number was 72,530, marking an increase in 2019 (72,580) and 2020 (75,809).
In total, the figures from 2015 until 2020 were as follows:
The survey also stressed that political as well as public debates regarding illegal residence went in two of the following main directions:
“The result of these debates were various changes in the law, which both successively tightened the asylum and residence law and made it easier for persons staying in Germany without permission for a longer period of time,” the statement reads.
The report emphasised that illegal residents have entitlement to benefit from the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act with increasing stay and integration efforts open up for illicit residents.